The Kimberley Agreement

Community agreements and measures protect societies around the world. /fpi/file/kimberley-process-factsheet-enjpg_enthe-process-factsheet-en.jpg While the process has been widely praised by groups that have widely applauded human rights in countries previously affected by conflict diamonds, such as Angola, some say it does not go far enough. Amnesty International said: “[We] welcome the Kimberley process as an important step in solving the problem of blood diamonds. But until the diamond trade is subject to mandatory and impartial monitoring, there is still no effective guarantee that all diamonds in the conflict will be identified and withdrawn from the market. The Canadian aid group One Sky (funded in part by the Canadian government) shares Amnesty`s view: “If the Kimberley process is implemented effectively, diamonds cannot be used to finance wars and atrocities… However, in the absence of a system of expert, independent and regular audits of all countries, the whole process remains open to abuse. The founder of the Fatal Transactions Campaign (launched in 1998) criticized the CCP as a legally binding agreement and proposed a review of the system. [16] Guidelines for trade with the UEPKPCS Core Document2019 News release of Brussels2018 Brussels release ,) The conditions of participation are exposed to Sections II, V a) and VI (8.9) of the CCP. The Kimberley process is managed in turn by participating countries.

So far, South Africa, Canada, the Russian Federation, Botswana, the European Union, India, Namibia, Israel, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the United States of America, South Africa, the People`s Republic of China, Angola, Australia, the United Arab Emirates and the United Arab Emirates president the PK in 2020. Participating countries and industry and civil society observers meet twice a year in intersession and plenary sessions, as well as in working groups and committees that meet regularly. Implementation is controlled by “audit visits” and annual reports, as well as regular exchange and analysis of statistical data. The Chair oversees the implementation of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) and the activities of the working groups, committees and administrations that operate the KP. On 11 August 2011, a BBC radio documentary entitled “Zimbabwe`s Diamond Fields”[60] repeated an interview with representatives of the Kimberley process, claiming that officials were not aware of the torture and murders uncovered in the documentary. Officials stated that they were only aware of incidents revealed by their brief site visits, which meant that they were not in a position to conduct thorough investigations. As of 1 July 2013, 54 participants participated in the CCP, representing 81 countries, with the European Union being the only participant.